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Connection Between Addiction and Suicide

Connection between Addiction and suicide are very closely linked. While depression is a significant factor that increases the likelihood of addiction and suicidal ideations and attempts, there are many additional links, including genetic makeup, brain chemistry alterations, and common risk factors. Suicide is also a risk of addiction and can even present itself in addiction recovery. Buy Xanax 2mg

Over 50% of suicides are associated with drug or alcohol dependence. This percentage increases to 70% among the adolescent population. Additionally, at least 25% of people with addiction commit suicide. 1

Compared to the general population, individuals with alcohol dependence are ten times more likely to commit suicide, and individuals who use drugs are 14 times more likely to do so. Of suicidal deaths, approximately 22% involve alcohol intoxication, 20% include opiates, 10.2% involve the use of marijuana, 4.6% involve the use of cocaine, and 3.4% include amphetamines.2

Suicide is considered one of the United States’ most significant health epidemics, as it is one of the top leading causes of death in the country, especially among younger generations. Buy Valium Online

Among all age groups in the US, it is the 10th leading cause of death, and among people aged 10-34 in the US, it is the second leading cause of death. Almost 45,000 individuals in America died of suicide in 2016, with approximately one suicide every 12 minutes. Also, in 2016, 1.3 American adults attempted suicide. 3

connection between

Depression, Addiction, and Suicide

One of the most common connection between addiction and suicide is their association with depression. A diagnosis of major depression increases someone’s likelihood of committing suicide and is the most common cause of suicide.4

A survey conducted in 2018 found that substance abuse is also more common in those who experience mental health issues, such as depression than those who do not.5

Individuals with mood disorders often use drugs and alcohol as a form of self-medicating to alleviate the negative emotions they experience. Excessive drug and alcohol use can eventually become a substance use disorder or drug addiction.

If someone with depression develops a substance use disorder or drug addiction, the severity of their depressive episodes is likely to increase. This increase in depressive symptoms can also increase their likelihood of suicidal thoughts and attempts.6

Symptoms of depression may also appear or worsen during the early stages of recovery from drug and alcohol addiction and can make the recovery process more difficult.

Without proper treatment for depression, these individuals may experience thoughts of suicide and may even engage in suicide attempts. Someone who simultaneously experiences drug addiction and depressive tendencies should choose a treatment option that focuses on both issues. 7

Genetic Makeup

Connection between Addiction and suicide may also have a common genetic cause. Genetic factors, such as a family history of addiction or alcoholism, can create a higher likelihood that an individual will develop a habit. Similarly, a family history of suicide can increase someone’s chance of experiencing suicidal thoughts and attempting suicide.8

Depressive disorders may also result from genetic factors in an individual. In some cases, depression and severe depressive episodes can cause suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Depression is one of the leading causes of suicide and also a cause of addiction. 8

Brain Chemistry Alterations

Addictive substances create changes in brain chemistry that can increase the likelihood of suicidal thoughts and even suicide attempts. Substances of abuse manipulate the neurotransmitters in the brain that affect mood and judgment.

These alterations create feelings of apathy or low motivation and general hopelessness in the individual using the substances. These symptoms can ultimately lead to suicide if the individual does not receive proper treatment for addiction and depression.9

Substances can also create alterations in brain chemistry that result in poor judgment. These changes may cause someone with an addiction to engage in a suicide attempt out of impulse, without a plan in place. If someone suffers from an addiction and suicidal ideations, they are at high risk of carrying out an impulsive suicide attempt.

Having a strategy is usually a key indicator that someone may attempt suicide, so it is important to note that an addict suffering from poor impulse control may attempt suicide without exhibiting the warning sign of a suicide plan. 10

Common Risk Factors

Suicide and addiction also share several common mental health, environmental, and historical risk factors. It is essential to understand that the presentation of a single risk factor does not predict with certainty that the individual will develop an addiction, engage in suicide attempts, or both.

Someone with a combination of many of these risk factors has an increased likelihood of addiction and suicide attempts, but it is still not guaranteed that they will occur.

Mental Health Risk Factors

  • Common mental health risk factors include:
  • Depression 1112
  • Anxiety disorders 1112
  • Aggressive behavior 1213

Environmental Risk Factors

  • Common environmental risk factors include:
  • Access to drugs 1312
  • Peer pressure 1412
  • Financial stress 1312
  • Prolonged stress 1412

Historical Risk Factors

  • Common historical risk factors include 1112
  • Previous use/attempts
  • Family history of addiction or suicide
  • Childhood abuse or trauma

While the presence of one or multiple of these risk factors cannot predict with certainty that an individual will develop an addiction or attempt suicide, it is crucial to take it very seriously if someone shows multiple risk factors.

Additionally, some risk factors are severe, even if it is the only factor present. For example, if someone is presenting suicidal thoughts, it is essential to get proper treatment for the individual. Ppast suicide attempts place someone at very high risk for later attempts when triggered. In these cases, treatment is vital. 15

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